Problems based on blood relations are a very important segment of analytical reasoning. The question papers of almost every competitive exams of objective type include 4-5 questions base on blood relation. Particularly for getting jobs in banking sectors one has a good skill of solving such questions. In this chapter, we are giving a quicker approach to crack problems based on blood relation.
MEANING OF BLOOD RELATION
Blood relation does mean biological relation. Remember a wife and husband are met biologically related but they are biological parents of their own children. Similarly, brother, sister, paternal grandfather, paternal grandmother maternal grandfather, maternal grandmother, grandson, granddaughter, niece, cousin etc. are our blood relatives.
TYPES OF BLOOD RELATIONS
There are mainly two types of blood relatives:
- Blood relation from the paternal side
- Blood relation from the maternal side
Now, we will discuss both kinds of relations one-by-one.
1. Blood relation from the paternal side
This type of blood relation can be further subdivided into three types:
- Past generations of father: Great grandfather, great grandmother, grandfather, grandmother etc.
- Parallel generations of father: Uncles (Brothers of the father), aunts (Sister of the father) etc.
- Future generations of father: Sons, daughters, grandsons, granddaughters etc.
2. Blood relation from the maternal side
This type of blood relations can be subdivided into three types:
- Past generations of mother: Maternal great grandfather, maternal great-grandmother, maternal grandfather, maternal grandmother etc.
- Parallel generations of mother: Maternal uncles, maternal aunts etc.
- Future generations of mother: Sons, daughters, grandsons, granddaughters etc.
In the examinations, the questions are given in a complicated way. In other words, in the given questions, the easy relationship takes the complicated form and examinees are expected to solve this complicated in order to find out the correct answer. How does an examinee get the aid of this complication? For this, an examinee sees the given data in the question with a serious eye; then tries to establish relationships among elements of given data relation among elements of given data on the basis of certain logic and finally finds out the required answer. In fact complications in the asked question occur because of the given indirect relation. It does mean questions are in the form of indirect relation & one has to convert this indirect relation into direct relation. For example “the only son of my father” does mean’me’ (myself) Here in place of ‘me’ indirect relation has been given in form of “the only son of my father” Similarly, “the only daughter of the parents-in-law of the husband of Vandana” does mean Vandana herself. In this example also the sentence “the only daughter of the parents-in-law of the husband of’ Vandana’ has been given in the form of indirect relation. Below are given some indirect relation in the form of a list. Examinees are required to learn.
|1||Son of Father or Mother||Brother|
|2||Daughter of Father or Mother||Sister|
|3||Brother of Father||Uncle|
|4||Brother of Mother||Maternal Uncle|
|5||Sister of father||Aunt|
|6||Sister of Mother||Aunt|
|7||Father of Father||Grand Father|
|8||Father of Father of father||Great GrandFather|
|9||Father of Grand Father||Great GrandFather|
|10||Mother of Father||Grandmother|
|11||Mother of grandmother||Great GrandMother|
|12||Mother of mother of father||Great GrandMother|
|13||Father of mother||Maternal Grand Father|
|14||Father of Father of mother||Great Maternal Grand Father|
|15||Father of maternal Grandfather||Great Maternal grandfather|
|16||Mother of Mother||Maternal Grand Mother|
|17||Mother of Mother of mother||Great Maternal Grandmother|
|18||Mother of Maternal Grandmother||Great Maternal Grandmother|
|19||Wife of father||Mother|
|20||Husband of Mother||Father|
|21||Wife of Grandfather||Grandmother|
|22||Husband of grandmother||Grandfather|
|23||Wife of Son||Daughter in law|
|24||Husband of daughter||Son-in-Law|
|25||Brother of Husband||Brother –in Law|
|26||Brother pf Wife||Brother-in-law|
|27||Sister of Husband||Sister-in-Law|
|28||Sister of wife||Sister in law|
|29||Son of Brother||Nephew|
|30||Daughter of Brother||Niece|
|31||Wife of brother||Sister-in-law|
|32||Husband of sister||Brother-in-law|
|33||Son of sister||Nephew|
|34||Daughter of Sister||Niece|
|35||Wife of Uncle||Aunt|
|36||Wife of maternal Uncle||Aunt|
|37||Son/Daughter of Uncle/Aunt||Cousin|
|38||Son/daughter of maternal Uncle/Aunt||Cousin|
|39||Son/daughter of sister of father||Cousin|
|40||Son/Daughter of sister of mother||Cousin|
|41||Only Son of Grandfather||Father|
|42||Only daughter of maternal grandfather||Mother|
|43||Daughter of grandfather||Aunt|
|44||Sons o0f grandfather other than father||Uncle|
|45||Son of maternal grandfather/grandmother||Maternal Uncle|
|46||Only daughter in law of grandfather/grandmother||Mother|
|47||Daughter in law of grandfather/grandmother||Aunt other than mother|
|48||Daughter in law of maternal grandfather||Aunt Maternal|
|49||Daughter in law of maternal grandmother||Aunt maternal|
|50||Neither brother nor sister||self|
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